Gauguin the Alchemist and Picasso’s Greatest Year
12 April 2017
See Two Avant-Garde Innovators of Modern Art
This October, Paris is home to two mammoth exhibitions; as the experimentation of Paul Gauguin is studied in all-encompassing retrospective at the Grand Palais. The ingenuity of Gauguin would later inspire the most influential artist of the 20th century – Pablo Picasso; who’s most significant year is the focus of the ‘1932’ exposition at Musée Picasso.
‘Gauguin, the Alchemist’
11th October 2017 – 22nd January 2018
Best known for his paintings of Tahitian women (one of which sold for $300m in 2015) – the life and career of Paul Gauguin can be defined as one of nonconformity; as exemplified by his travels to all corners of the globe and the revolutionary work that returned with him.
October’s monumental retrospective – organised in collaboration with the Art Institute of Chicago and Musée d’Orsay – will be the first to focus on Gauguin’s experimental methods; which features some 240 works, including the largest ever public presentation of his ceramics, the reunion of complementary works and primitive artefacts that hugely inspired the artist. The exhibition will also be arranged chronologically; beginning with Gauguin’s early struggles with Impressionism. Attention then diverts to his time in Brittany and Martinique, before arriving at his critical first expedition to Tahiti and subsequent return to Paris. His somewhat homecoming to Tahiti and his final years on the Marquesas Islands conclude the retrospective.
Throughout his career, Gauguin constantly adapted his unique approach to materials and developed ingenious methods – present in his numbering ceramics, woodcuts and prints. Experimentation was often forced upon Gauguin by financial struggles and turbulent friendships; but also out of his desire to do what no artist had done before – explored in the recent research into his processes, which will be displayed alongside his work. Seminal paintings on show will include Tahitian Women on the Beach (1891), And the Gold of Their Bodies (1901) and Arearea (1892).
Such was the inventiveness of Gauguin, that peers and critics wouldn’t appreciate his genius until after his death – but today he remains as one of the most important artists to emerge out of 19th century Paris. Posthumous retrospectives devoted to Gauguin at the Salon d’Automne in 1903 and 1906 would later have a decisive influence over the French avant-garde… and even more so on a young Pablo Picasso.
10th October 2017 – 11th February 2018
Picasso described painting as “just another form of keeping a diary” – and this October you are presented with an all-encompassing look into the ‘diary’ of his most pivotal year; as Musée Picasso – in collaboration with Tate Modern – takes visitors on a month-by-month journey through 1932.
Labelled as his ‘year of wonders’ – 1932 was an extraordinary time for Picasso (even by his own standards) where he would cement his status as the world’s most influential living artist; producing some of his finest oeuvre and self-curating his first retrospective. The surplus of 100 paintings, sculptures and drawings that will be on display invites you to get close to the artist; exploring his singular thought processes, whilst shedding light on his turbulent personal life.
Significant works on display include Realist portraits of first wife Olga Khokhlova and their 11 year old son Paulo, atmospheric Surrealist drawings of the crucifixion and voluptuous sculptures made at Picasso’s chateau 40 miles outside of Paris. However, the climax at Musée Picasso is provided by exhibited paintings from 1932, including: Nude, Green Leaves, Bust and Girl Before a Mirror – the star in the collection of MoMA that rarely travels.
The most momentous canvas on display is undoubtedly Le Rêve or The Dream; the highly charged portrait of Picasso’s young lover, Marie-Thérèse Walter. The two would meet after the artist cried “You have an interesting face. I am Picasso. You and I are going to do great things together” after seeing Walter at a train station; thus beginning one of the best known affairs of the 20th century. Le Rêve gained further notoriety when former owner Steve Wynn famously put his elbow through the painting; which was later restored and sold for $155m in 2015.
The ‘once in a lifetime’ exhibition has been described by Tate Curator, Borchardt-Hume as allowing “a new generation to discover Picasso’s explosive energy, while surprising those who think they already know him”… so be sure to see the ground-breaking ‘Picasso 1932’ from this October at Musée Picasso. While you’re in Paris, get to grips with Gauguin at the Grand Palais and acquaint yourself with one of Picasso’s biggest inspirations.
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